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In the latest updates, Cop28 reports that the US has pledged to shut down all coal-burning power plants.


Dubai.

The latest regulations are the main focus of worldwide declarations to decrease methane emissions during Cop28. The United States predicts that these rules will reduce methane emissions from its extensive oil and gas sector by 80% compared to levels that would occur without the regulation, resulting in a total reduction of 58 million tonnes by 2038.

Today’s coverage has come to an end. Make sure to come back tomorrow for a day focused on health. Below are the main points to remember from Day 3 of Cop28.

The struggle for environmental justice persists in a distinct manner, far from the formalities and specialized language of the climate summit, yet still closely connected.

My colleague Nina Lakhani reports that the authorities in Honduras have issued a warrant for the arrest of the suspected mastermind behind the murder of Berta Cáceres, a prominent Indigenous environmental activist.

In March 2016, Cáceres was killed in her house by paid assassins as revenge for her role in spearheading a local movement against the building of a hydroelectric dam funded by international sources. She was murdered less than a year after receiving the esteemed Goldman prize for her activism in protecting the environment.

The region of Latin America poses the greatest danger for individuals who are standing up against corporate greed, pollution, and extractive industries such as mining and energy projects to protect rivers, land, and other natural resources. Honduras, Mexico, Brazil, and Colombia are some of the most perilous countries in Latin America, with indigenous communities being particularly vulnerable as they lead the charge against environmental degradation and the climate emergency.

At the beginning of the week, Quinto Inuma Alvarado, a defender of the environment and a leader of the Indigenous people, was killed by unidentified individuals as a result of his efforts to protect his land from illegal logging and drug trade in the San Martín area of Peru. He had dedicated many years to obtaining collective ownership for his community, which would enable them to adequately safeguard their land and the Amazon rainforest in Peru.

According to a report from Global Witness in 2022, individuals such as Caceres and Quinto, who work to defend the environment and combat the climate crisis, put their lives at risk. However, they are not provided with enough protection and are not included in decision-making processes.

Native representatives at the Conference of Parties (Cop) frequently face challenges in securing a place at the discussion table, and have consistently voiced their concerns about the lack of recognition for their ancestral wisdom and environmentally-friendly proposals.

For more information about the Cáceres case, please refer here.

Climate activist Mohamed Adow has urged for attention to be directed towards the negotiations taking place at Cop28, rather than the surrounding announcements.

Adow, the director of Power Shift Africa, expressed approval for the numerous declarations, stating that the discussions are the main reason for their presence.

Reporters are restricted from entering the negotiation chambers where diplomats finalize agreements under the supervision of the United Nations. The majority of media reporting focuses on pledges made by governments and businesses outside of the official negotiation proceedings.

According to Adow, the most crucial action that countries must take during the remainder of the summit in Dubai is to establish a mutually agreed upon date for phasing out fossil fuels. Adow emphasizes the need for a prompt, equitable, comprehensive, and financially supported transition away from fossil fuels.

Carbon dioxide is a major contributor to climate change, but another harmful gas, methane, is often overlooked as a potent greenhouse gas.

The United States has declared a significant initiative to reduce methane emissions in an attempt to control a potent pollutant that is accelerating the effects of the current climate crisis. This report comes from my colleagues Oliver Milman, Damian Carrington, and Fiona Harvey in Dubai.

The latest regulations, announced at Cop28, aim to significantly reduce methane emissions worldwide. According to the US, these rules will result in an 80% decrease in methane emissions from their extensive oil and gas sector by 2038, equating to a reduction of 58 million tonnes compared to anticipated levels without the regulations.

During an interview with the Financial Times, the CEO of Exxon expressed his belief that the summit is overly focused on renewable energy. This marks the first instance of an Exxon executive attending a Cop.

Darren Woods expressed frustration that discussions at Cop28 did not give enough attention to hydrogen, biofuels, and carbon capture. These technologies are preferred by the oil and gas sector because they enable the continued use of fossil fuels and related infrastructure during the shift towards eco-friendly alternatives.

He informed the publication that the transition encompasses more than just wind, solar, and electric vehicles. Carbon capture will also be a factor, in which we have expertise and can make a contribution. Hydrogen and biofuels will also play a part.

The oil and gas sector is anticipating government support for carbon capture and storage as a means to offset emissions from fossil fuel power plants. Nonetheless, there is disagreement over the efficiency of this technology and scientists remain doubtful about its applicability beyond heavy industries with limited alternatives.

The participation of oil and gas company leaders at the conference has been met with criticism, with some arguing that their presence is simply a tactic to postpone taking action and make their operations appear more environmentally friendly.

Woods stated to the Financial Times that the discussions placed excessive focus on eliminating fossil fuels, such as oil and gas, rather than addressing the emissions connected to them. He further mentioned that there will still be a demand for oil and gas.

The Guardian reported this year that the oil company had accurately and skillfully predicted global warming, but chose to publicly dismiss this science for decades in order to protect its primary business.

On the upcoming day at Cop28, there will be a focus on health, featuring multiple reports and declarations. One such declaration will come from the Africa Centres for Disease Control and Prevention, the leading public health organization in the continent. They have emphasized the need for increased funding to address health emergencies in Africa.

According to Jean Kaseya, the director of Africa CDC, the continent has experienced 158 instances of disease outbreaks in the current year. This is in addition to the ongoing Covid-19 pandemic, and Kaseya believes that the climate crisis is a major contributing factor.

According to the speaker, every instance of an outbreak that goes undetected has the potential to evolve into a widespread epidemic, which is currently our biggest worry. Our goal is to prevent the next pandemic from originating in Africa as a result of climate change, and to achieve this, we are advocating for increased financial support.

During the Covid pandemic, it became apparent that Africa was neglected and not self-sufficient. The continent had to ask the rest of the world for assistance, even for basic supplies like masks and gloves.

Isabel Choat has the complete narrative.

After only spending eight hours in Dubai, the energy secretary, Claire Coutinho, is still at the summit and will reveal proposals today to safeguard rainforests worldwide and reduce methane emissions.

She will announce at the summit that the UK plans to allocate over £85 million towards climate efforts and will also enter into new clean energy agreements with global allies such as Brazil, the US, and various European nations.

A portion of the funding will go towards protecting the Amazon rainforest through the establishment of Brazil’s dedicated Amazon fund. This agreement was made on Friday and adds to the £80 million previously announced by Sunak earlier this year.

Coutinho stated that the UK is at the forefront of efforts to achieve net zero, making it crucial for us to aid our global partners, such as Brazil, in reaching their own climate goals.

Therefore, we have committed to providing a maximum of £35 million in aid to combat deforestation in the Amazon, solidifying the UK as one of the top contributors to the Amazon fund.

“We will collaborate with Brazil during Cop28 and utilize our collective capabilities to innovate alternative fuel sources such as hydrogen, promote eco-friendly technologies, and lead worldwide efforts to reduce emissions.”

Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva arrived at Cop28 accompanied by a large delegation of over 2,000 individuals, with the goal of tackling inequality and preserving tropical forests on a global scale.

The individual known as Lula stated that his nation is setting an example by adjusting their climate goals to be more ambitious than those of numerous developed countries. He also mentioned that they have made significant progress in reducing deforestation in the Amazon and plan to completely eliminate it by 2030.

However, any ambitions he may have had for greater global leadership in reducing fossil fuel usage were diminished on Thursday when his energy minister, Alexandre Silveira, announced during the world’s largest environmental conference that Brazil intends to align with OPEC, the largest oil-producing group.

Climate activists in Brazil expressed their disapproval of the timing and symbolism, viewing it as a reflection of the internal conflicts within a nation that has made significant efforts to decrease deforestation in the Amazon region. Despite these efforts, Brazil has continued to pursue oil exploration in environmentally delicate regions.

“According to Marcio Astrini, the executive secretary of the Brazilian Climate Observatory, the statement made about celebrating joining the oil club during a climate conference is a disgrace. It is similar to the Minister of Mines and Energy contradicting President Lula’s environmental speech. Astrini also adds that with ministers like this, the president has no need for enemies.”

A treaty aimed at controlling the spread of fossil fuels has been proposed by a group of Pacific island nations, including Tuvalu. This agreement is similar to other efforts to decrease the presence of nuclear weapons and landmines.

He stated at the event, “Each year, our nations journey for several days to attend Cop. We dedicate most of the year to preparing for these talks.”

The biggest danger facing humanity is climate change. However, we continue to argue and struggle with the same problems year after year. It is scientifically proven that we must act urgently to decrease the use of fossil fuels if we want to maintain a 1.5 degree Celsius limit. The Pacific region is at the forefront of experiencing the effects of climate change, with the situation worsening.

Today, I am here to convey a straightforward plea from the citizens of Tuvalu to protect our people from the destructive effects of climate change. This Cop28 must reach a resolution that tackles the underlying issue of emissions and explicitly calls for the elimination of fossil fuels. We cannot afford to passively watch our islands disappear, our forests ablaze, and our people in anguish any longer.

“The Paris agreement sets the framework for countries to determine their own contributions towards addressing climate change. We cannot reduce emissions if we continue to exacerbate the issue. Currently, there is minimal management of the phasing out of fossil fuels. It is imperative that we take action to ensure a fair and trustworthy transition.”

Some believe that this is an unattainable goal. They think it is either too ambitious or too late, but we should not forget the progress we have already made. We should not have to choose between being ambitious or realistic; we should strive to be both.

@NiranjanAjit. Whether you’re on the ground or following from afar, please get in touch!

My colleague Dharna Noor reports that activists are urging affluent nations to allocate 5% of their military expenditures towards climate funding.

According to the Transnational Institute, by reallocating a small portion (5%) of the world’s military spending, approximately $110.4 billion could be generated for climate finance. This amount is more than sufficient to reach the annual target of $100 billion for climate finance, which has consistently fallen short in previous years.

Nick Buxton, a researcher at the Transnational Institute, stated that instead of investing in climate action, funds are being allocated towards militarization. However, he believes that the climate crisis poses the greatest security threat currently.

According to a 2022 estimate, the global military sector is responsible for at least 5.5% of greenhouse gas emissions, which is even higher than Japan’s total carbon footprint. However, due to effective lobbying by the US at the 1997 Kyoto conference, no country is obligated to report their military emissions. Although leaders removed this exemption in 2015, reporting these emissions remains optional.

The conference tomorrow will focus on the topics of “relief, recovery, and peace,” making it the first time that climate-related conflicts have been included on an international climate conference agenda.

Read more here:

According to sources, the country’s decision to take action was influenced by the surprisingly high levels of methane emissions in May. These emissions are believed to be caused by leaks in the country’s aging gas infrastructure, which can be easily fixed.

Source: theguardian.com