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Cop28: Outrage over high number of fossil fuel lobbyists granted entry to summit – live updates.

The latest report reveals that Cop28 has granted unprecedented entry to a high number of lobbyists representing fossil fuel companies.

The Climate Action Network, the biggest alliance of organizations focused on climate issues, emphasizes that there are:

According to Tzeporah Berman, who leads the Fossil Fuel Non-Proliferation Treaty, it is time to “stop negotiating with them and start regulating them.”

The Green New Deal Rising movement, led by young individuals advocating for climate justice, connects the dots.

“Put an end to this corruption of the process,” asserts Joseph Sikulu, an activist for Pacific climate causes.

And StopRosebank, a campaign group to stop new oil and gas development in the North Sea, says the fossil fuel industry cannot be trusted “to come up with solutions to a crisis of its own making”.

Recent reports have revealed that a significantly high amount of fossil fuel lobbyists have been granted entry to Cop28.

  • the Paris Agreement

    The current version of the draft for the global stocktake and the Paris Agreement does not include agriculture and food systems.

  • Mary Robinson has finally commented after the dispute surrounding the Cop28 president’s contentious reply to her inquiries about the necessity for a fossil fuel phase-out, as reported by the Guardian.

  • Thank you for joining us. We will return tomorrow.

    It is challenging for indigenous communities to have representation at the negotiating table where crucial decisions regarding their land and traditions are made. This is a significant loss for all of us, as we would benefit from more delegates like Teresa Christa Mashian, aged 33, who is advocating for the Achuar people from the Amazon region of Ecuador. This is her first time attending Cop and she is the first female from her community to travel abroad. Additionally, she is the first woman to be elected as a community leader, a role she has held for three years. Her responsibilities include ensuring the safety of her community and preserving the forest for future generations. Despite traditional gender roles, Teresa has demonstrated that women are capable of holding roles outside of the home.

    Cop28 delegate Teresa Christa Mashian, 33, who is representing the Achuar people from the Ecuador Amazon.

    So far, her greatest accomplishment has been securing protected status for 50,000 hectares (124,000 acres) of untouched forest with assistance from Conservation International. Recently, unknown individuals from other countries have approached the community as carbon offset brokers, offering financial incentives to participate in various programs. However, the community faces challenges such as young people having to leave for education and employment opportunities in the city, and some falling into harmful habits like addiction and prostitution. The community is interested in starting a community-based tourism project, but there have been negative experiences with carbon market projects in other communities. Therefore, she is gathering more information to avoid being deceived.

    It’s important to note that Cop28 allowed seven times as many fossil fuel lobbyists as official Indigenous delegates to attend.


    Sunreef Yachts, a yacht manufacturer based in Poland, recently organized an event in the blazing heat of Dubai to showcase their collection of yachts powered by solar energy. The company’s spokespersons recognized the not-so-environmentally-friendly reputation of luxury yachts and admitted that the top 300 largest yachts contribute emissions equivalent to 10 million individuals.

    Solar catamaran

    Artur Poloczanski, PR director of Sunreef, stated that it is important to acknowledge the negative perception of yacht builders in regards to sustainability.

    Poloczanski acknowledged that the emissions produced by yachts are alarming, but also stated that the yachting industry is extremely varied. He emphasized that the purpose of the discussion is to explore potential alternatives.

    Sunreef offers a variety of yachts equipped with a solar “skin” that can produce and store power through batteries. Additionally, some models are powered by hydrogen fuel cells. The company also has larger vessels available with luxurious features such as private spas, gyms, outdoor cinemas, and room for jet skis. These yachts use tanks that can hold up to 5,200 gallons of fuel.

    If you possess sufficient funds for a luxury yacht, you will probably be among a privileged group with a significant impact on the climate emergency. According to the Guardian’s coverage on the eve of Cop28, the wealthiest 1% of the world’s population is accountable for higher levels of carbon emissions compared to the bottom two-thirds of individuals on Earth.

    The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is responsible for including agriculture and food in the stocktake process.

    The worldwide evaluation is intended to thoroughly examine the extent to which countries are advancing towards achieving the goals set by the Paris agreement. This agreement requires countries to reduce global warming to below 2C, and ideally to 1.5C, in comparison to pre-industrial times.

    On Tuesday, the NGOs expressed their concern to the UNFCC regarding the exclusion of agriculture and food systems in the draft text released earlier today.

    “The conclusions of the IPCC and the technical phase of the global stocktake are clear – without more ambitious, comprehensive, and fair climate action regarding food, we will not be able to meet any of the long-term goals set by the Paris agreement.”

    In order to achieve its purpose and create a strong, fair future for everyone, the global stocktake must take into account food systems as a means of addressing both mitigation and adaptation.

    The topic of air conditioning will be a major focus at the Cop28 climate summit, as several of the world’s biggest economies have committed to the UN environment programme’s first ever global cooling pledge.

    Over 50 parties have committed to reducing their cooling emissions by 68% by 2050.

    India is not anticipated to become a part of this trend. The demand for ACs in the country is increasing at a rapid pace, outpacing most other countries. The combination of rising incomes, hot and humid weather, and improved affordability and accessibility is prompting more and more Indians to purchase or lease an AC as soon as they are financially able, and at times even when they are not.

    Approximately 8-10% of the nation’s 300 million households, which house 1.4 billion individuals, currently have an air conditioning unit. However, this percentage is estimated to increase to nearly 50% by 2037, according to government forecasts. The International Energy Agency (IEA) also projects that India will have over 1 billion functioning ACs by 2050.

    This could have a major impact on the worldwide attempt to limit temperature increases to 1.5C. Air conditioners (ACs) are currently inefficient and consume a large amount of electricity, primarily from fossil fuels.


    Collectively, they can increase external temperatures as they release warmth from inside to the outside. They contain chemical coolants which, if released, can have nearly 1,500 times the environmental impact of CO2.2

    The increasing number of air conditioners in India will result in a significant need for electricity. During the hottest hours of summer, ACs have already been responsible for 40% to 60% of the total power consumption in Delhi and Mumbai.

    The IEA predicts that by 2050, India’s power usage for air conditioning will surpass the total power usage of Africa.

    The majority of this power is generated through the use of coal, and although India’s renewable energy capacity, like solar power, is increasing, it is not growing as quickly as the demand for air conditioning, which is expected to surpass all other household appliances.

    The mandate of Cop28 continues to progress, with Greenpeace presenting additional proof of the consequences of oil and gas companies’ release of greenhouse gases. As stated by Nina Lakhani, here are the key points from Cop28:

    Mary Robinson recently left her first comment following the controversy surrounding the Cop28 president’s contentious reply to her inquiries about the necessity of a fossil fuel phase-out, as uncovered by the Guardian.

    The most recent version of the negotiation document for the global stocktake has been released, indicating some advancements but highlighting that major decisions are still pending. The global stocktake is a crucial element of the Paris agreement, evaluating the progress and remaining challenges in addressing climate change on a global scale.

    Many people are expressing anger about the recent revelation that Cop28 has granted a significant number of fossil fuel lobbyists entry.

    Thank you for taking the time to read this. I will now pass the floor to my colleague, Sandra Laville.

    The World Meteorological Organization has discovered that the pace and consequences of climate change have significantly increased in the 2010s, reaching an alarming level.

    The report contains a lengthy list of examples. In the hottest decade on record, a greater number of glaciers were lost than in any previous modern records. Sea levels also experienced a quicker rise, while the rates of ocean warming and acidification increased significantly. Greenland and Antarctica saw a 38% increase in ice loss compared to the previous decade.

    The Passu Glacier in Pakistan: Himalayan glaciers are on track to lose up to 75% of their ice by the century’s end due to global warming

    Although it may seem distant, these issues have tangible effects on the majority of the world’s population. The results include reduced access to clean water, increased frequency of coastal flooding, and loss of marine life – and the reason is clear.

    According to WMO secretary general Prof Petteri Taalas, the main cause of this is unquestionably the release of greenhouse gases from human actions. It is crucial that we prioritize and take action to reduce these emissions in order to prevent climate change from becoming unmanageable.

    If you’re searching for some positive news this morning, there’s some good news! The report revealed that the ozone layer was smaller in the 2010s compared to the previous two decades due to efforts to reduce pollution, which were decided upon at an environmental summit.

    Despite the growing danger posed by extreme weather, the number of casualties has decreased due to improved weather forecasting and early warning systems. However, people may be able to escape floods and storms, but their homes and businesses are still at risk. As a result, economic losses and displacements caused by severe weather have been on the rise.

    According to Taalas, the weather is becoming increasingly severe and this is having a significant effect on socio-economic progress. Extreme events such as droughts, heatwaves, floods, tropical cyclones, and wildfires are causing damage to infrastructure, reducing agricultural yields, limiting access to water, and resulting in mass displacement.

    There has been a significant response to the announcement that an unprecedented amount of lobbyists from the fossil fuel industry have been granted entry to Cop28.

    According to Climate Action Network, the biggest alliance of climate-focused non-governmental organizations, it is emphasized that there exist:

    According to Tzeporah Berman, who leads the Fossil Fuel Non-Proliferation Treaty, it is time to stop negotiating with fossil fuel companies and instead focus on regulating them.

    The Green New Deal Rising movement, led by young individuals advocating for climate justice, connects the pieces.

    Pacific climate advocate Joseph Sikulu calls for an end to the contamination of the process.

    And StopRosebank, a campaign group to stop new oil and gas development in the North Sea, says the fossil fuel industry cannot be trusted “to come up with solutions to a crisis of its own making”.

    The selection of the president for the Cop28 climate summit has been a subject of controversy. Typically, the president serves for one term before the summit moves on to a different region, where it is hosted by a different nation with a new president from that country.

    Cop28 President Sultan Ahmed Al Jaber

    However, due to Russia’s conflict in Ukraine, Al Jaber may continue to hold the position of authority next year, as described by Simon Evans at Carbon Brief.

    Eastern Europe has been chosen to host the upcoming Cop, but Russia is blocking the participation of the 27 EU nations. Additionally, Armenia and Azerbaijan are vetoing each other’s involvement. This leaves only seven countries, mostly smaller in size, to organize the Cop, which can be a costly endeavor.

    According to Evans, the regulations set by the United Nations state that the default location for the UN climate secretariat is Bonn, in Germany. If a new president is not elected, Al Jaber will continue to preside over Cop29 at this location. Those who were present at Cop23, which was held in the small town of Bonn in 2017, may have concerns about how it will handle a significantly larger number of attendees expected next year. Delegates may also have opinions on Al Jaber leading a second Cop.

    My colleague Patrick Greenfield reports that Cop28 has been cautioned by an expert about the possibility of formal negotiations allowing for “carbon cowboys” under the Paris agreement.

    Comoros, Dominica, and the Bahamas have recently joined in agreements with Blue Carbon, a company supported by a young royal from Dubai. The company has facilitated numerous carbon offsetting deals that encompass a vast expanse of African forest.

    Sheikh Ahmed Dalmook al-Maktoum, the Dubai royal behind the firm, has so far overseen deals that cover a fifth of Zimbabwe, 10% of Liberia, 10% of Zambia, 8% of Tanzania and “millions” of hectares of Kenya, collectively amounting to an area larger than the size of the UK.

    According to the agreements, Blue Carbon will create initiatives to reduce climate change by utilizing the forests, coastlines, and natural resources of the countries. They will then sell the carbon reductions and removals as credits.

    Prior to Cop28, there were worries expressed regarding the Blue Carbon agreements and the sheikh’s past business endeavors.

    During the summit, officials are discussing the possibility of using these credits to meet individual country’s goals.

    Proposed language on Section 6.2 of the Paris Agreement addressing agreements between countries for carbon trading suggests that governments may have the ability to independently authorize credits for sale.

    According to Axel Michaelowa, a carbon markets specialist at the University of Zurich, the suggested addition of one-sided Article 6.2 provisions could potentially lead to unregulated and reckless behavior in the carbon market, also known as “carbon cowboyism.”

    Blue Carbon has stated that their goal for these projects is not just to speed up efforts towards addressing climate change on a global scale, but also to address important environmental issues at the local level. This will bring benefits to the community and promote sustainable development in the countries involved.

    Source: theguardian.com